Scripture to Memorize: Romans 11:5-6
So too at the present time there is a remnant, chosen by grace. 6 But if it is by grace, it is no longer on the basis of works; otherwise grace would no longer be grace.
Day 1 Read: Romans 11:1
I ask, then, has God rejected his people? By no means! For I myself am an Israelite, a descendant of Abraham, a member of the tribe of Benjamin.
Reflect: How does Paul’s logical but rhetorical question bring clarity to the point he is trying to make about ethnic Israel’s rejection of the gospel message? How does he answer this question within the same verse?
Consider: Of the fourteen times Paul uses the exclamation by no means! (me genoito), ten of them are in the epistle to the Romans (in addition to this verse see 3:4, 6, 31; 6:2, 15; 7:7, 13; 9:14; 11:11. The frequency of this phrase in Romans is evidence of the controversial nature of Paul’s content. Usually it is in response to the objections or questions of a fictional objector whom Paul’s diatribe format calls forth. But here, Paul is asking and answering his own question so as to continue the treatment on Israel which began in Romans 9:1.1
Respond: Re-read Romans 10:5-21. What, then, does Paul’s question in 11:1 tell you about the sovereignty of God? What can you gain from your understanding of God’s sovereignty? What challenges do you face with confronted with that reality?
1 Kenneth Boa and William Kruidenier, Romans, vol. 6, Holman New Testament Commentary (Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 2000), 332.