Day 4 Read: Romans 15:9-12
and in order that the Gentiles might glorify God for his mercy. As it is written, “Therefore I will praise you among the Gentiles, and sing to your name.” 10 And again it is said, “Rejoice, O Gentiles, with his people.” 11 And again, “Praise the Lord, all you Gentiles, and let all the peoples extol him.” 12 And again Isaiah says, “The root of Jesse will come, even he who arises to rule the Gentiles; in him will the Gentiles hope.”
Reflect: Romans was written to explain the gospel, how all—Jew and Gentile alike—are separated from God by their sin, but can be reunited to God in Jesus Christ. If the Jews had been paying attention to God’s Word, should this have surprised them? What would you say is the central claim Paul is making from Old Testament evidence? See 2 Samuel 22:50; Deuteronomy 32:43; Psalm 117:1; and Isaiah 11:10 for context.
Consider: 2.Deuteronomy 32:43: In the Song of Moses, Israel’s first national leader issues an invitation in the last verse of his song: “Rejoice, O nations [Gentiles], with his people.” The rest of the verse, not quoted by Paul, issues a warning to the Gentiles as well: “[God] will take vengeance on his enemies.” The Gentiles will meet God at the fellowship table or the bar of justice, and they are invited to come willingly in peace before being forced to come submissively in subjection.
3.Psalm 117:1: These verses call on the nations to praise the God of Israel for “his love toward us” and “the faithfulness of the Lord.”
4.Isaiah 11:10: This messianic passage follows verse 1 of Isaiah 11 which predicts a branch rising from the “stump of Jesse” (Jesse being the father of King David) which would rule over the nations; the Gentiles will hope in him. That branch was obviously Jesus Christ.
Paul uses all of these verses to demonstrate that the Gentiles were not an afterthought in God’s plan, but were destined to inherit salvation through the instrumentality of Israel and her Messiah.4
Respond: What comfort should this bring to someone who feels they are outside of the reach of God’s plan?